Chile Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, won its independence from Spain in 1818. The country is a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, and it is home to the driest desert in the world, the Atacama Desert. Photo Gallery Atacama Desert Elqui Valley Torres del Paine National Park festival dancers Santiago Easter Island Andes Mountains Guanaqueros Beach Patagonia Glacier alpaca (c) Can Stock Photo / PeterHermesFurian Coat of Arms National Animal Huemul National Flower Chilean Bellflower More About Chile A Look at the Country of Chile from The New Book of Knowledge® Products & Posts About Chile Books About Chile Disclosure: The books contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, we receive a small commission at no extra charge to you. Thank you for supporting Globe Trottin' Kids and our global education mission.