Colombia Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is named after the explorer Christopher Columbus. This Latin American country is home to more species of birds, amphibians, and butterflies than any other place in the world. Colombia Photo Gallery Castillo San Felipe, Cartagena emeralds wax palms sombrero vueltiao Guatape, Colombia cheese arepas Cano Cristales (Liquid Rainbow river) Bogota cocoa coffee Coat of Arms National Animal National Flower Andean condor cattleya trianae orchid Click the Buttons to Explore Further! Colombia Challenge Books About Colombia Disclosure: The books contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, we receive a small commission at no extra charge to you. Thank you for supporting Globe Trottin' Kids and our global education mission.