Mexico Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821. Ancient ruins and Spanish colonial-era towns are scattered throughout the country. Mexico is known for its beaches and its diverse landscape of mountains, deserts, and jungles. Photo Gallery Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City Chichen Itza . Guanajuato street market Tulum Popocatepetl Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) Aztec stone calendar cenote (c) Can Stock Photo / PeterHermesFurian Coat of Arms National Animal Jaguar National Flower Dahlia Products & Posts About Mexico Books About Mexico Disclosure: The books contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, we receive a small commission at no extra charge to you. Thank you for supporting Globe Trottin' Kids and our global education mission.