China China, officially the People’s Republic of China, has the largest population in the world. The country is known for its historic sites, such as the Great Wall of China, the magnificent Forbidden City, and the Terracotta Army. Photo Gallery Forbidden City Hong Kong Terracotta Army fishermen Big Buddha, Lantau Island Great Wall of China . Shanghai Li River Stone Forest (c) Can Stock Photo / PeterHermesFurian Coat of Arms National Animal Giant Panda National Flower Plum Blossom More About China 30 Cool Facts About China National Geographic Kids: China Products & Posts About China Books About China Disclosure: The books contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, we receive a small commission at no extra charge to you. Thank you for supporting Globe Trottin' Kids and our global education mission.