Brazil Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, declared independence from Portugal in 1822. It is home to the Amazon rainforest, the Christ the Redeemer statue, and the famous Carnival festival. Photo Gallery rainforest bridge Iguazu Falls Christ the Redeemer Rio Carnival Sugarloaf Mountain fútbol (soccer) game Theatro Municipal, Sao Paulo coconut cart guava favelas (c) Can Stock Photo / PeterHermesFurian Coat of Arms National Animal Jaguar National Flower Cattleya Orchid Explore Further! Products & Posts About Brazil Books About Brazil Disclosure: The books contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, we receive a small commission at no extra charge to you. Thank you for supporting Globe Trottin' Kids and our global education mission.