Russia Russia, officially the Russian Federation, became an independent country after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The largest country in the world covers two continents and 11 time zones. It has a diverse population with more than 120 ethnic groups. Photo Gallery Moscow Kremlin St. Basil’s Cathedral Red Square St. Petersburg Vladivostok Matryoshka doll Lake Baikal ushanka (fur cap) Sochi Siberia (c) Can Stock Photo / PeterHermesFurian Coat of Arms National Animal Bear National Flower Chamomile Click the Buttons to Explore Further! Russia Challenge Products & Posts About Russia Books About Russia Disclosure: The books contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, we receive a small commission at no extra charge to you. Thank you for supporting Globe Trottin' Kids and our global education mission.