Russia Russia, officially the Russian Federation, became an independent country after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The largest country in the world covers two continents and 11 time zones. It has a diverse population with more than 120 ethnic groups. Photo Gallery Moscow Kremlin St. Basil’s Cathedral Red Square St. Petersburg Vladivostok Matryoshka doll Lake Baikal ushanka (fur cap) Sochi Siberia Coat of Arms National Animal Bear National Flower Chamomile More About Russia Products & Posts About Russia Books About Russia Disclosure: These books contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, we receive a small commission at no extra charge to you.