Iran Iran, formerly known as Persia, is a mountainous country in the Middle East. It is one of the oldest nations in the world with a rich history and culture. Iran Gallery Persian rug Ney (flute) mosque Persian leopard Azadi Tower bazaar (market) Barbari bread spice market Nowruz (Persian New Year) Tehran Emblem National Animal National Flower Asiatic lion rose Learn about Iran with our favorite travel guide, Joy Sun Bear! Books About Iran Disclosure: The books contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, we receive a small commission at no extra charge to you. Thank you for supporting Globe Trottin' Kids and our global education mission.