Egypt Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country that is mostly desert and has the world’s longest river, The Nile, running through it. It is home to many important archeological monuments in the world, as well as interesting natural landmarks. Photo Gallery mosque, Cairo Aswan sarcophagus Great Sphinx of Giza hieroglyphics bazaar (street market) Nile River . Marsa Alam . (c) Can Stock Photo / PeterHermesFurian Coat of Arms National Animal Steppe Eagle National Flower Lotus More About Egypt National Geographic Kids Products & Posts About Egypt Books About Egypt Disclosure: These books contain affiliate links. If you click through and make a purchase, we receive a small commission at no extra charge to you.